What is an IDO and How Does It Differ from an Initial Coin Offering (ICO)?

4 min readMay 20, 2024

The crypto industry has witnessed various innovative fundraising methods, and one such method is the Initial DEX Offering (IDO). Unlike Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs), which were one of the first fundraising approaches in the crypto world, IDOs offer a different and more secure model. ICOs, being unregulated crowdfunding campaigns, faced challenges related to control, investor security, and the prevalence of scams. The negative publicity surrounding ICO scams discouraged many potential crypto investors.

Addressing the Challenges: DeFi and IDOs

Decentralized Finance (DeFi) emerged as a solution to these issues by introducing alternative fundraising methods. Within the DeFi ecosystem, decentralized exchanges (DEXs) play a crucial role. IDOs, being a decentralized offering, alleviate the need for high fees and permissions from centralized exchanges. The crypto community actively participates in vetting IDO projects, supporting smaller initiatives, and fostering collaborations.

The Advantages of IDOs

Compared to ICOs, IDOs offer immediate trading access and liquidity. Additionally, they provide a simplified user experience by supporting various types of digital wallets. The decentralized nature of IDOs helps overcome the issues of centralization, security vulnerabilities, and human error associated with ICOs. Furthermore, IDOs enhance investor security by securing crypto tokens in digital wallets through private keys.

Understanding Decentralized Exchanges (DEXs)

DEXs act as peer-to-peer marketplaces where traders can conduct transactions without intermediaries. These transactions are facilitated by smart contracts, ensuring a secure and transparent environment.

Exploring the IDO Process on DEXs

The primary reason IDOs are successful lies in the immediate liquidity provided by DEXs. Liquidity pool providers are rewarded generously in DEXs, and many IDO projects utilize proof-of-stake (PoS) consensus mechanisms to discourage early selling. By holding their capital, investors earn rewards for their stake in the blockchain network.

During an IDO, early investors can sell their crypto tokens at a higher price, which can further increase in value once the public sale commences. Gas fees associated with IDOs on liquid exchanges are minimal. Smart contracts manage asset tokens and liquidity pools, enabling instant token minting. Unlike traditional fundraising methods, IDOs offer a shorter waiting period for investors to cash in on their investments.

Advantages of IDOs over Traditional Fundraising Methods

In IDOs, launchpads enable a portion of the token supply to be available to the public. Token listing occurs on decentralized exchanges, providing liquidity and trading opportunities. Unlike ICOs, IDOs require projects to meet launchpad requirements, ensuring a vetting process for project selection.

A Step-by-Step Guide to Participating in an IDO

To participate in an IDO, users need crypto wallets and tokens. Reading the IDO details is essential to understand the locking process and token transfer conditions. Subscribing through trusted links and launchpads like Uniswap and PancakeSwap minimizes the risk of scams. Thorough research, reading terms and conditions, and investing wisely are crucial for successful IDO participation.

Real-Life Examples of Successful IDOs

Two notable examples of successful IDOs include Raven Protocol, a distributed deep-learning training protocol, and SushiSwap, a decentralized exchange challenging Uniswap’s dominance.

Conclusion: Embracing IDOs in the Crypto World

IDOs have become the preferred fundraising model in the crypto industry, offering easy accessibility, affordability, and a safer investment environment. Staying informed about IDO innovations helps investors identify promising opportunities. ZebPay provides valuable insights and enables the trading of over 100 crypto tokens, making it a reliable platform for crypto enthusiasts.

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Disclaimer: Crypto products and NFTs are unregulated and can be highly risky. There may be no regulatory recourse for any loss from such transactions. Each investor must do his/her own research or seek independent advice if necessary before initiating any transactions in crypto products and NFTs. The views, thoughts, and opinions expressed in the article belong solely to the author, and not to ZebPay or the author’s employer or other groups or individuals. ZebPay shall not be held liable for any acts or omissions, or losses incurred by the investors. ZebPay has not received any compensation in cash or kind for the above article and the article is provided “as is”, with no guarantee of completeness, accuracy, timeliness or of the results obtained from the use of this information.